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The North Aral Sea
The North Aral Sea
For saving the Aral Sea the idea
on preservation of its North part had appeared. If this idea be implemented the
river Syr-Daria natural flow would be kept. Besides majority of population are
living along the North Aral Sea in the Kazakhstani part of the Aral Sea Region.
The first attempt was made in 1992.
Dike «Karateren-Kokaral» constructed by the construction organisations of the
Aralsk rayon stood for 9 months: in spring, 1993 the dike was washed off
due to the Sea level rise. The construction work had been made using money
raised by the people of the Aral Sea Region. Certainly, collected money were not
enough for building permanent & strengthened dike. At this period only sand
as a local building material had been used. But the construction of Dike showed
to the people of Aral Sea Region the hope in saving Sea and demonstrated that
the joint efforts of people would allow to have expected result. The people of
Aral started believing in their good future.
In September, 1996
the new attempt to preserve the North (Small) Aral Sea was taken. The
Construction was mostly finished in spring, 1997. The local building
material sand had been used for construction purposes. Money needed for
construction purposes were arisen with the help of local population. The Dike
length was 14 km; width was about 30 m. There were special sluices for giving
water to the Large Aral Sea in case of much water in the Syr-Daria River. This
construction stayed for 1997 and 1998. But it was obviously that the Dike
Kokaral needed to be strengthened by concrete plates. The water from the river
Syr-Daria is being brought into the North (Small) Aral Sea. The changes in
environment are being noticed. Raining becomes often, grass appeared, the Sea
salinity slightly decreased. In 1998
the Kazakhstan branch of the Internationa Aral Sea Fund (IFAS) financed the Dike
strengthening construction work. But these amounts of money were not enough. The
construction being started in autumn in 1998 finished in the sad way: in spring,
1999 the Dike was again washed off by increased water flow of Syr-Daria
river. The Dike was washed off partly: distance of 3-5 km. Water went to the
Large Aral Sea decreasing the level of the North Aral Sea. In some places
seashore want away for the distance of 200-300 m. It was very sad event for all
people of the Aral Sea Region but mostly for fishermen who had hope for future
employment with the North Aral Sea preservation. At
the present time (September, 1999) there is search for financial assistance in
order to re-construct Dike Kokaral.
Photo - J. Arthaud Bertrand.
The people of Aral Sea Region are sure that the
Dike Kokaral is their hope for deserving future. They were witnesses of the
positive changes in regional climate and their life’s work.
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